Charlotte Miller

What Is Forecheck In Hockey?

Are you curious to know what is forecheck in hockey? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about forecheck in hockey in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is forecheck in hockey?

In the fast-paced world of ice hockey, strategies and tactics play a vital role in determining a team’s success. One of the most critical strategies, known as “forechecking,” has a significant impact on a team’s ability to control the game, create scoring opportunities, and disrupt their opponents. In this blog, we will delve into the concept of forechecking in hockey, exploring what it is, its objectives, and the different types of forechecking systems teams employ to gain an advantage on the ice.

What Is Forecheck In Hockey?

Forechecking is a defensive strategy used by the team without possession of the puck to regain control of it or disrupt the opponent’s play. It involves players aggressively pressuring the opposing team in the offensive zone, often deep in the opponent’s territory. The primary goals of forechecking are:

  • Regaining Possession: To recover the puck from the opponent, creating a scoring opportunity for the attacking team.
  • Creating Turnovers: Forcing the opposing players to make mistakes, leading to turnovers or errant passes.
  • Disrupting Offensive Flow: Preventing the opposing team from executing their offensive plays and transitions smoothly.

Forechecking is a high-energy and physically demanding aspect of hockey that requires strong teamwork, anticipation, and tactical awareness.

Types Of Forechecking Systems

Several forechecking systems are employed by hockey teams, each with its own strategic approach and objectives:

1-2-2 Forecheck (Standard Forecheck):

  • In this system, one player aggressively pursues the puck carrier, putting pressure on them deep in the offensive zone.
  • Two players follow closely to support the first forechecker and contain the opponent.
  • The remaining two players provide defensive coverage, ensuring they are positioned to prevent quick breakouts by the opponent.

2-1-2 Forecheck (Left-Wing Lock):

  • In this system, two forwards act as the primary forecheckers, putting pressure on the opponent deep in the offensive zone.
  • One forward plays a more central role, providing support and defensive coverage.
  • Two defensemen remain closer to their own blue line to maintain defensive stability.

Aggressive Forecheck (2-3 Forecheck):

  • In this aggressive system, two forwards forecheck aggressively, putting substantial pressure on the opponent’s defensemen.
  • Three forwards remain higher in the offensive zone, anticipating potential turnovers and creating scoring opportunities.
  • This system aims to create quick turnovers and capitalize on offensive chances.

Trap Forecheck (1-3-1 Forecheck):

  • In this system, one forward applies pressure to the puck carrier, while three others form a defensive triangle in the neutral zone.
  • The objective is to slow down the opponent’s transition through the neutral zone and force them into making errors.
  • This system is often used when protecting a lead or focusing on defensive stability.

The Choice Of Forechecking System

The choice of forechecking system depends on various factors, including the team’s playing style, the score of the game, and the opponent’s strengths and weaknesses. Coaches make strategic decisions about which system to employ during different phases of a game to gain a competitive advantage.


Forechecking in hockey is more than just aggressive pursuit of the puck; it’s a strategic element that can determine a team’s success. Effective forechecking disrupts the opponent’s flow, creates scoring opportunities, and contributes to a well-rounded, winning strategy. As fans watch the fast-paced action on the ice, understanding the nuances of forechecking adds depth to their appreciation of the sport and its intricate strategies.

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What Forecheck Do Most Nhl Teams Use?

One of the most common forechecking strategies is the 1-2-2 system. Their exact positioning can vary by team, but typically the 1-2-2 consists of one forechecker down low, two forecheckers high and two defensemen back in the neutral zone.

What Does Tilly Mean In Hockey?

A “tilly” in hockey refers to a slang term used to describe a fight or altercation between players on the ice. It is a common term used among hockey players and fans to refer to a physical confrontation during a game.

Why Do They Let Them Fight In Hockey?

However, supporters of fighting say it provides a means of security for players, that fighting is a tool players use to keep opposing players in check; essentially allowing players to police which hits and dirty plays are unacceptable.

What Is A Hook Check In Hockey?

: an act or instance of attempting to knock the puck away from an opponent in ice hockey by hooking it with the stick.

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